Showing posts with label POLITY. Show all posts
Showing posts with label POLITY. Show all posts

Sunday, October 4, 2015

Sunday, October 26, 2014

Polity Snippets

How many languages are recognized in India as statutory?22
What is the age in India to get the right to vote?18
The drafting of Indian constitution was completed in the year1949
Delinking of the state from religious matters is known asSecularism
The chairman of the constitution drafting committee wasDr. B.R. Ambedkar
What is the minimum age requirement for a person to be a candidate in Lok Sabha elections?25
The first general elections were held in India in1952
The writ that provides a remedy for illegal detention of a personHabeas Corpus
The Impeachment of the President of India can be initiated in The Parliamentary form of government was first evolved inBritain
The Indian Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on26 November, 1949
The concept of Directive Principles of State Policy is borrowed fromIreland
The members of Rajya Sabha are elected for a term ofSix years
The first state created on linguistic basis wasAndhra Pradesh
The highest law officer in the state isAdvocate General
The State Reorganisation Commission was appointed in 1953 under the chairmanship ofFazal Ali
India - China war occurred in1962
India's foreign policy isNon-Alignment
Who can levy the taxes on agricultural revenues?Central Government
If President and Vice President, both are unavailable, who would discharge the functions?Chief Justice of India
What can be the maximum number of members of the Lok Sabha ?552
What was the strength of Lok Sabha after India's first general elections?489
In India the Parliament is made up of1. Lok Sabha 2. Rajya Sabha 3. President
Who can choose President of India?1. Members of Lok Sabha 2. Members of Rajya Sabha 3. Members of Legislative Assemblies
The Vice President of India is elected by the Electoral College consisting of the members ofRajyasabha and Loksabha
How many members can be nominated in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha by the President of India?Rajya Sabha 12, Lok Sabha 2.
The jurisdiction covering the Andaman and Nicobar islands falls under the supervision ofA circuit bench of the Kolkata High Court at Port Blair
Jurisdiction of which among the following High Courts covers the Union Territory of Lakshadweep?Kerala High Court
The number of judges can be altered in the Supreme Court by theParliament
Who among the following can dismiss Governor of a state from his office?President
Which state is not a part of the Eastern Zonal Council?Assam
The current strength of judges in India's Supreme Court is30
What is the maximum (sanctioned) strength of Supreme Court including the Chief Justice of India?31
Which among the following is the middle unit of Three - Tier Panchayati Raj System?Panchayat Samiti
A National emergency on the grounds of security threat is proclaimed under which among the following articles?Article 352
Deputy Speaker and Speaker of the Lok Sabha may resign by giving in writing toEach other

Sunday, February 23, 2014

Comparison of the Indian Electorate from 1951–1952 To 2014

A comparison of the electoral data as per the final publication of summary revision 2014 (released by the Election Commission of India on 14th February, 2014) with that of previous General Elections shows that the total electorate size of the country grew from 173,212,343 electors in the 1st General Elections of 1951 – 1952 to become 814,591,184 in 2014 - more than 4.7 times the figure in 1951 – ’52. Relative to 1971 (the year since when the sex-wise break-up of electors is available), the size of the total electorate grew by 197.1% or became 2.97 times. Further, both the number of male electors and the number of female electors became 2.97 times of their respective numbers in 1971. The proportion of female electors in the Indian electorate has showed little variation since 1971, always hovering between 47.4% and 48.0%.

Thursday, September 12, 2013

The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Second Amendment) Bill, 2013 Passed By Rajya Sabha

The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Second Amendment) Bill, 2013 was passed by the Rajya Sabha on 6 September 2013. The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Second Amendment) Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha on 14 December 2012 by the Minister of Tribal Affairs, V. Kishore Chandra Deo. The Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 24 August 2013.

Objective of the Bill:

The Bill seeks to amend the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 to modify the list of Scheduled Tribes in the states of Kerala and Chhattisgarh.

Major highlights of the Bill:

• Article 342 of the Constitution of India states that the President may notify the Scheduled Tribes in a state after consultation with the Governor of the state.  The President issued the 1950 Order, in accordance with this Article. 
• According to the Article 342 of the Constitution of India, Scheduled Tribes means such tribes or tribal communities or parts of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to be Scheduled Tribes for the purposes of India Constitution.
• The Bill amended the Schedule of the 1950 Order to include certain groups as Scheduled Tribes.  The Marati community is being re-included in the list of Scheduled Tribes in Kerala.  
• Scheduled Tribe status is being granted to the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups namely Abujh Maria and Hill Korwa in the list of Scheduled Tribes in Chhattisgarh.

Thursday, August 29, 2013

Chairmen of Parliamentary Committees

AS ON :- 29/08/2013 
Committees of Rajya SabhaBusiness Advisory Committee
Constituted on:- 08/05/2013
1Chairman, Rajya SabhaChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee of Privileges
Constituted on:- 08/05/2013
1Prof. P.J. KurienChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Ethics
Constituted on:- 28/12/2012
1Prof. Ram Gopal YadavChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Government Assurances
Constituted on:- 08/05/2013
1Shri Satish Chandra MisraChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on MPLADS
Constituted on:- 23/08/2012
1Prof. P.J. KurienChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Papers Laid on the table
Constituted on:- 08/05/2013
1Shri D.P. TripathiChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Petitions
Constituted on:- 08/05/2013
1Shri Bhagat Singh KoshyariChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Provision of Computers to Members of Rajya Sabha
Constituted on:- 23/08/2012
1 1Dr. Karan SinghChairmanRajya Sabha 
1 Nominated w.e.f. 27/12/2012
Committee on Rules
Constituted on:- 08/05/2013
1Chairman, Rajya SabhaChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Subordinate Lesiglation
Constituted on:- 08/05/2013
1Smt. Maya SinghChairmanRajya Sabha 
B.J.P.Madhya Pradesh
General Purposes Committee
Constituted on:- 26/10/2010
1Chairman, Rajya SabhaChairmanRajya Sabha 
House Committee
Constituted on:- 08/05/2013
1Shri Bhubaneshwar KalitaChairmanRajya Sabha 
Joint CommitteesCommitte on Empowerment of Women
Constituted on:- 23/09/2012
1 1Rajkumari Ratna SinghChairmanLok Sabha 
1 Nominated w.e.f. 28/10/2012
Committee on Food Management in Parliament House Complex
Constituted on:- 15/10/2009
1Prof. Ranjan Prasad YadavChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Public Accounts
Constituted on:- 01/05/2012
1Dr. Murli Manohar JoshiChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Public Undertakings
Constituted on:- 01/05/2013
1Shri Jagdambika PalChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Welfare of Other Backward Classes
Constituted on:- 29/06/2013
1Shri Bijoy HandiqueChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Welfare of Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes
Constituted on:- 01/05/2012
1Shri Gobinda Chandra NaskarChairmanLok Sabha 
Constitution of a Joint Parliamentary Committee to examine matters relating to allocation and pricin
Constituted on:- 11/03/2011
1Shri P.C. ChackoChairmanLok Sabha 
Joint Committee on Members Salary & Allowances
Constituted on:- 24/01/2013
1Shri Bhaskar Rao Patil KhatgonkarChairmanLok Sabha 
Joint Committee on Offices of Profit
Constituted on:- 01/12/2009
1Kunwar Rewati Raman SinghChairmanLok Sabha 
S.P.Uttar Pradesh
Joint Parliamentary Committee on Installation of Portraits/Statues of National Leaders and Parliamen
Constituted on:- 04/08/2009
1Smt. Meira KumarChairmanLok Sabha 
Joint Parliamentary Committee on Maintenance of Heritage Character and Development of Parliament Hou
Constituted on:- 15/12/2009
1Smt. Meira KumarChairmanLok Sabha 
Joint Parliamentary Committee on Security in Parliament House Complex
Constituted on:- 04/09/2009
1Shri Kariya MundaChairmanLok Sabha 
Library Committee
Constituted on:- 24/11/2011
1Shri Kariya MundaChairmanLok Sabha 
Railway Convention Committee
Constituted on:- 15/03/2010
1Shri Arjun Charan SethiChairmanLok Sabha 

Committe on Information Technology
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Rao Inderjit SinghChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Agriculture
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Basudeb AchariaChairmanLok Sabha 
C.P.I.(M)West Bengal
Committee on Chemicals and Fertilizers
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Gopinath MundeChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Coal and Steel
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Kalyan BanerjeeChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Commerce
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Shanta KumarChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Defence
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1 1Shri Raj BabbarChairmanLok Sabha 
S.P.Uttar Pradesh
1 Nominated w.e.f. 05/11/2012
Committee on Energy
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Mulayam Singh YadavChairmanLok Sabha 
S.P.Uttar Pradesh
Committee on External Affairs
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Ananth KumarChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Finance
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Yashwant SinhaChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Food, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Vilas Baburao MuttemwarChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Health and Family Welfare
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Brajesh PathakChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Home Affairs
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri M. Venkaiah NaiduChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Labour
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Dara Singh ChauhanChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Shantaram NaikChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Petroleum and Natural Gas
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri V. Aruna Kumar VundavalliChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Railways
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri T.R. BaaluChairmanLok Sabha 
D.M.K.Tamil Nadu
Committee on Rural Development
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Smt. Sumitra MahajanChairmanLok Sabha 
B.J.P.Madhya Pradesh
Committee on Science & Technology, Environment & Forests
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Dr. T. Subbarami ReddyChairmanRajya Sabha 
I.N.C.Andhra Pradesh
Committee on Social Justice and Empowerment
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Hemanand BiswalChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Transport, Tourism and Culture
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Sitaram YechuryChairmanRajya Sabha 
Committee on Urban Development
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Sharad YadavChairmanLok Sabha 
Committee on Water Resources
Constituted on:- 31/08/2012
1Shri Dip GogoiChairmanLok Sabha 
Sub-Committee of Home Affairs for Enemy Property (Amendment & Validation) Second Bill, 2010
Constituted on:- 25/04/2011
1Shri M. Venkaiah NaiduChairmanRajya Sabha 
Note: In Membership,The options Past, Present and Current represent the Following Options:-
  • Past :- "From and "To" date fields appear to enable selection
  • Present:- Data relating to total membership of current Committees(i.e. from date of constitution/reconstitution to date) are available
  • Current:- Data relating to current membership of current Committees are available
The option "All" next to Committee name if enabled, gives historical data of selected Committee

Disclaimer :- Only those Parliamentary Committees are included in the database, wherein
                    (a) Rajya Sabha is represented and
                    (b) The Committees are not purely internal to Parliament.

As such, the Committee on Estimates , which is a purely Lok Sabha Committee has not been included. Similarly internal Committees such as Library Committee have not been included.

Saturday, August 24, 2013

Writs in Indian Constitution

The Indian Constitution empowers the Supreme Court and High Courts to issue writs for enforcement of any of the fundamental rights conferred by Part III of Indian Constitution.

The writ issued by Supreme Court and High Court differs mainly in three aspects:

a) The Supreme Court can issue writs only for the enforcement of fundamental rights whereas a High Court can issue writs for enforcement of fundamental rights along with “ for any other purpose” (refers to the enforcement of any legal right).

b) SC can issue writ against a person or government throughout the territory whereas High Court can issue writs against a person residing or against a government located within its territorial jurisdiction or outside its jurisdiction only if the cause of action arises within the territorial jurisdiction.

c) SC writs are under Article 32 which in itself is a fundamental right thus SC cannot refuse to exercise its writ jurisdiction. Whereas article 226 is discretionary thus HC can refuse to exercise its writ jurisdiction.

Types of writs:

• Habeas Corpus

Habeas corpus is a Latin term which literally means "You may have the body".  The concept of writ of habeas corpus has originated from England. This is a writ or legal action which can be used by a person to seek relief from illegal detention. The writ is a direction of the Court to a person who is detaining another, commanding him to bring the body of the person in his custody at a specified time to a specified place for a specified purpose.

A writ of habeas corpus has only one purpose: to set at liberty a person who is confined without legal justification; to secure release from confinement of a person unlawfully detained.  The writ does not punish the wrong-doer.  If the detention is proved unlawful, the person who secures liberty through the writ may proceed against the wrong - doer in any appropriate manner.  The writ is issued not only against authorities of the State but also to private individuals or organizations if necessary.

• Mandamus

The Latin word 'mandamus' means 'we command'.  The writ of 'mandamus' is an order of the High Court or the Supreme Court commanding a person or a body to do its duty. Usually, it is an order directing the performance of ministerial acts.  A ministerial act is one which a person or body is obliged by law to perform under given circumstances.  For instance, a licensing officer is obliged to issue a license to an applicant if the latter fulfills all the conditions laid down for the issue of such license.  Similarly, an appointing authority should issue a letter of appointment to a candidate if all the formalities of selection are over and if the candidate is declared fit for the appointment. But despite the fulfillment of such conditions, if the officer or the authority concerned refuses or fails to issue the appointment letter, the aggrieved person has a right to seek the remedy through a writ of 'mandamus'.

3. Certiorari

Literally, Certiorari means to be certified. It is issued by the higher court to the lower court either to transfer the case pending with the latter to itself or to squash the order already passed by an inferior court, tribunal or quasi judicial authority. The conditions necessary for the issue of writ of certiorari.

a. There should be court, tribunal or an officer having legal authority to determine the question with a duty to act judicially.
b. Such a court, tribunal or officer must have passed order acting without jurisdiction or in excess of the judicial authority vested by law in such court, tribunal or officer.
c. The order could also be against the principles of natural justice or the order could contain an error of judgment in appreciating the facts of the case.

4. Prohibition

The Writ of prohibition means to forbid or to stop and it is popularly known as 'Stay Order'. This writ is issued when a lower court or a body tries to transgress the limits or powers vested in it. The writ of prohibition is issued by any High Court or the Supreme Court to any inferior court, or quasi judicial body prohibiting the latter from continuing the proceedings in a particular case, where it has no jurisdiction to try. After the issue of this writ, proceedings in the lower court etc. come to a stop.

Difference between Prohibition and Certiorari:

1. While the writ of prohibition is available during the pendency of proceedings, the writ of certiorari can be resorted to only after the order or decision has been announced.
2. Prohibition can be issued only against judicial and quasi judicial authorities whereas Certiorari can be issued even against administrative authorities affecting rights of individuals.

• Quo Warranto

The word Quo-Warranto literally means "by what warrants?" or "what is your authority"? It is a writ issued with a view to restrain a person from holding a public office to which he is not entitled. The writ requires the concerned person to explain to the Court by what authority he holds the office. If a person has usurped a public office, the Court may direct him not to carry out any activities in the office or may announce the office to be vacant. Thus High Court may issue a writ of quo-warranto if a person holds an office beyond his retirement age.