Thursday, December 25, 2014

Atal Bihari Vajpee and Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya to receive Bharat Ratna


Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpee and freedom fighter Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya (posthumously) will receive the Bharat Ratna. The decision to confer the highest civilian award of the country was announced by the Union Government on 24 December 2014.
Till now 43 people have been honoured with the Bharat Ratna. In 2013, cricketer Sachin Tendulkar and scientist C N R Rao were awarded Bharat Ratna for their contribution in their respective fields.
About Madan Mohan Malaviya
• He was a freedom fighter and educationist who was part of the Indian National Movement
• He was popularly known as Mahamana. 
• He was president of Indian National Congress (INC) for two terms in 1909 and1918.  He was one of the founders of the Hindu Mahasabha.
• He was one of the leading educationists of India before independence and he was founder of the Banaras Hindu University in 1916. 
• He was also the Chairman of Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946. His efforts resulted in the launch of its Hindi edition in 1936
• Malviya was born in Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh, India on 25 December 1861
About Atal Bihari Vajpayee
• Vajpayee is a three time Prime Minister of India who served the first term in 1996 for just 13 days. During his second term in 1998-1999 he served for 13 months. 
• In his final and third term he completed the full five-year from 1999-2004. Thus, he became the first Prime Minister from outside the Indian National Congress party to serve a full five-year term.
• When Janata government collapsed, Vajpayee restarted the Jana Sangh as the Bharatiya Janata Party in 1980.
• He began a push for a full-scale diplomatic peace process with Pakistan and initiated a new peace process aimed towards permanently resolving the Kashmir dispute and other conflicts with Pakistan. With this view he inaugurated Delhi-Lahore bus service in February 1999 and signed Lahore Declaration with Nawaz Sharif, the then PM of Pakistan.
• He was also the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai in 1978. As foreign minister, that year Vajpayee became the first person to deliver a speech to the United Nations General Assembly in Hindi.
About Bharat Ratna Awards
• Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of India that was instituted on 2 January 1954 by the order of Rajendra Prasad, the former President of India. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence, but constitution prohibits using the award name as title.
• The award is conferred in recognition of exceptional service or performance of the highest order, without distinction of race, occupation, position, or sex.  
• The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science and public services but the union government expanded the criteria to include any field of human endeavour in 2011.
• Recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. Recipients receive a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a peepal-leaf–shaped medallion and award does not contain any monetary grant. 
• Original provisions of the Bharat Ratna did not allow any one to grant the posthumous awards. Later in January 1966, a provision posthumous was inserted.
• The former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first individual to be honoured posthumously in 1966.
• The first recipients of the Bharat Ratna were C Rajagopalachari, scientist C V Raman and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan were honoured in 1954.

Sunday, December 14, 2014

Symbols of Andhra Pradesh

Nandi Award for Best Telugu Feature Film

Swarna (Gold) Nandi
Year Movie
2011 Sri Rama Rajyam
2010 Vedam
2009 Sontha Vooru
2008 Gamyam
2007 Mee Sreyobhilashi
2006 Bommarillu
2005 Pothe Poni
2004 Aa Naluguru
2003 Missamma
2002 Manmadhudu
2001 Preminchu
2000 Chirunavvutho
1999 Kalisundam Raa
1998 Tholi Prema
1997 Annamayya
1996 Pavithra Bandham
1995 Sogasu Chooda Tharamaa
1994 Bangaru Kutumbam
1993 Mr. Pellam
1992 No Award
1991 Yagnam
1990 Erra Mandaram
1989 Geetanjali
1988 Swarna Kamalam
1987 Sruthi Layalu
1986 Swathi Muthyam
1985 Mayuri
1984 Swathi
1983 Ananda Bhairavi
1982 Meghasandesam
1981 Seethakoka Chiluka
1980 No Award
1979 Sankarabharanam
1978 Naalaga Endaro
1976 Oorummadi Brathukulu
1975 Jeevana Jyothi
1974 Alluri Seetharama Raju
1973 Sharada
1972 Kalam Marindi
1971 Chelleli Kapuram
1970 Kathanayika Molla
1969 Kathanayakudu
1968 Bandhavyalu
1967 Sudi Gundalu
1966 Rangula Ratnam
1965 Antastulu
1964 Doctor Chakravarthy

Rajata (Silver) Nandi
Year Movie
2011 Rajanna
2010 Ganga Putrulu
2009 Baanam
2008 Vinayakudu
2007 Happy Days
2006 Godavari
2005 Anukokunda Oka Roju
2004 Anand
2003 Okkadu
2002 Nuvve Nuvve
2001 Murari
2000 Azad
1999 Nee Kosam
1998 Kante Kuthurne Kanu
1997 Sindhooram
1996 Little Soldiers
1995 Badili
1994 Subha Lagnam
1993 Money
1992 Rajeswari Kalyanam
1991 Pelli Pustakam
1990 Seetharamaiah Gari Manavaralu
1989 Mouna Poratam
1988 Adade Adharam
1987 Abhinandana
1986 Repati Pourulu
1985 O Thandri Theerpu
1984 Kanchana Ganga
1983 Neti Bharatam
1982 Maro Malupu
1981 Tholi Kodi Koosindi
1980 Yuvatharam Kadilindi
1979 Maa Bhoomi
1978 Chali Cheemalu
1977 Tharam Marinidi
1976 Mahakavi Kshetrayya
1975 Muthyala Muggu
1974 O Seeta Katha
1973 Andala Ramudu
1972 Tata Manavadu
1971 Sri Krishna Satya
1970 Kodalu Diddina Kapuram
1969 Athmeeyulu
1968 Chinnari Papalu
1967 Chadarangam
1966 Chilaka Gorinka
1965 Sri Krishna Pandaviyam
1964 Keelu Bommalu

Kamsya (Bronze) Nandi
Year Movie
2011 Virodhi
2010 Prasthanam
2009 Kalavaramaye Madilo
2008 Parugu
2007 Lakshyam
2006 Ganga
2005 Gowtam SSC
2004 Grahanam
2003 Amma Nanna O Tamila Ammayi
2002 Santhosham
2001 Atu America Itu India
2000 Manoharam
1999 Prema kadha
1998 Ganesh
1997 Thodu
1996 Srikaram
1995 Ammai Kapuram
1994 Bhairava Dweepam
1993 Mathru Devo Bhava
1992 Aapathbandhavudu
1991 Aswani
1990 Hrudayanjali
1989 Suthradharulu
1988 Kallu
1987 Prajaswamyam
1986 Aruna Kiranam
1985 Vandematharam
1984 Suvarna Sundari
1983 Sagara Sangamam
1982 Keerthi Kantha Kanaka
1981 Ooriki Ichina Maata
1980 Sangham Marali
1979 Punadi Rallu
1978 Karunamayudu
1977 Oka Oori Katha
1976 Anthuleni Katha
1975 Swargam Narakam
1974 Theerpu
1973 Samsaram Sagaram
1972 Praja Nayakudu
1971 Amayakuralu
1970 Balaraju Katha
1969 Bangaru Panjaram
1968 Bangaru Gajulu
1967 Bhakta Prahlada
1966 Asthiparulu
1965 Aatma Gowravam
1964 Gudi Gantalu