Sunday, October 26, 2014

Polity Snippets

How many languages are recognized in India as statutory?22
What is the age in India to get the right to vote?18
The drafting of Indian constitution was completed in the year1949
Delinking of the state from religious matters is known asSecularism
The chairman of the constitution drafting committee wasDr. B.R. Ambedkar
What is the minimum age requirement for a person to be a candidate in Lok Sabha elections?25
The first general elections were held in India in1952
The writ that provides a remedy for illegal detention of a personHabeas Corpus
The Impeachment of the President of India can be initiated in The Parliamentary form of government was first evolved inBritain
The Indian Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on26 November, 1949
The concept of Directive Principles of State Policy is borrowed fromIreland
The members of Rajya Sabha are elected for a term ofSix years
The first state created on linguistic basis wasAndhra Pradesh
The highest law officer in the state isAdvocate General
The State Reorganisation Commission was appointed in 1953 under the chairmanship ofFazal Ali
India - China war occurred in1962
India's foreign policy isNon-Alignment
Who can levy the taxes on agricultural revenues?Central Government
If President and Vice President, both are unavailable, who would discharge the functions?Chief Justice of India
What can be the maximum number of members of the Lok Sabha ?552
What was the strength of Lok Sabha after India's first general elections?489
In India the Parliament is made up of1. Lok Sabha 2. Rajya Sabha 3. President
Who can choose President of India?1. Members of Lok Sabha 2. Members of Rajya Sabha 3. Members of Legislative Assemblies
The Vice President of India is elected by the Electoral College consisting of the members ofRajyasabha and Loksabha
How many members can be nominated in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha by the President of India?Rajya Sabha 12, Lok Sabha 2.
The jurisdiction covering the Andaman and Nicobar islands falls under the supervision ofA circuit bench of the Kolkata High Court at Port Blair
Jurisdiction of which among the following High Courts covers the Union Territory of Lakshadweep?Kerala High Court
The number of judges can be altered in the Supreme Court by theParliament
Who among the following can dismiss Governor of a state from his office?President
Which state is not a part of the Eastern Zonal Council?Assam
The current strength of judges in India's Supreme Court is30
What is the maximum (sanctioned) strength of Supreme Court including the Chief Justice of India?31
Which among the following is the middle unit of Three - Tier Panchayati Raj System?Panchayat Samiti
A National emergency on the grounds of security threat is proclaimed under which among the following articles?Article 352
Deputy Speaker and Speaker of the Lok Sabha may resign by giving in writing toEach other

Economy Snippets

NABARD was established under recommendations ofShivaraman Committee
The chairman of Fourteenth Finance CommissionY.V. Reddy
Banks of India were nationalised for the first time in the year1969
The main aim of devaluation is toEncourage exports
What is the tertiary sector of economic developmentService Sector?
Which state of India has highest Per capita incomeGoa
RBI was nationalised in the year1935
National Agriculture Insurance Scheme was introduced in1999
Short term finance is usually for a period of12 months
Who is the regulator of Insurance sector in IndiaIRDA
Who is the Census Commissioner for Census 2011?C. Chandramouli
The main rubber producing state in the country isKerala
The largest producer of Coffee in the country isKarnataka
At present, the number of nationalised banks in the country19
Project SANKALP is associated with the elimination ofAIDS
The central banking functions in India are performed by theReserve Bank of India
Development expenditure of the Central government does not includeDefence expenditure
Gilt-edged market meansMarket of Government Securities
Loss of equipment over time due to wear and tear is called asDepreciation
The association of the rupee with Pound Sterling as the intervention currency was broken in1992
On July 12, 1982, the ARDC was merged intoNABARD
If the Cash Reserve Ratio is lowered by the RBI, its impact on credit creation will be toIncrease it
In the state of India, the State Financial Corporation have given assistance mainly to developSmall and medium scale industries
States earn maximum revenue throughCommercial Taxes
The first Indian private company to sign an accord with Government of Myanmar for oil exploration in two offshore blocks in that country isEssar Oil
The condition of indirect taxes in the country's revenue is approximately86%
The Board of Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR) came into existence in1987
Of the gross tax revenue of the Union Government the indirect taxes account for nearly65 percent
The banks are required to maintain a certain ratio between their cash in the hand and total assets. This is called asStatutory Liquid Ratio (SLR)
How many banks were nationalized in 1969?14
In India, the first bank of limited liability manages by Indians and founded in 1881 wasOudh Commercial Bank
The apex body for formulating plans and coordinating research work in agriculture and allied fields isIndian Council of Agricultural Research
Short-term finance is usually for a period ranging up toOne year
Paper currency first started in India in1861
Foreign Direct Investment ceilings in the telecom sector have been raised from 74 percent to100%
The largest sponge iron producer in the world isIndia
National Rural Development Institute is situated atHyderabad
The bank which has the highest number of branches in the world isSBI
The Mumbai Stock Exchange was set up in1875
Rangarajan Committee is related toPublic Sector disinvestment
Raja Chellaiah Committee is related toTax Reforms
Malhotra Committee is related toInsurance Sector Reforms
Narasimham Committee is related toFinancial Sector Reforms
The principle means of transport of goods in India isRailways
India's place in the World Production of Sugar and Sugarcane isFirst
State with Highest Production of Wheat (2011-12) isUttar Pradesh
State with Highest Production of Rice (2011-12) isWest Bengal
State with Highest Production of Pulses (2011-12) isMadhya Pradesh
State with Highest Production of Total Food Grains (2011-12) isUttar Pradesh
State with Highest Production of total Oil Seeds (2011-12) isState with Highest Production of total Oil Seeds (2011-12) is
The policy of Family Planning was adopted by the government in1952
Bank Rate meansThe official rate of interest charged by the central bank of the country
The term MARKET in economics meansPresence of competition
Commercial banking system in India isBranch banking
Demand of commodity mainly depends onPower to purchase
CMD of Bharatiya Mahila Bank isUsha Ananthasubramanian
Mr. Cyrus Pallonji Mistry took over as the chairman of which industrial group recently?Tata Group

Geography Snippets

The Indian island closest to the equator is
The Great Nicobar
India is separated from Sri Lanka by
The Gulf of Mannar; The Palk Strait
The smallest state in area is
The border country sharing the longest boundary with India is
The longitude recognised as the basis for standard meridian in our country
82½° East
Difference between Greenwich Mean Time and Indian Standard Time is
5½ hours
The boundary line between India and China is called as
Mac Mohan line
The biggest state in area is
The state that has longest coast
Andhra Pradesh has the coastal line of
972 kms
The number of coastal states in India is
Greater Himalayas are also known as
Himadri Ranges
K2 mountain peak is in
Karakoram Range
The highest mountain peak of the Himalayas in India is
The highest peak in peninsular India is
The highest peak in the World is
Mount Everest
Great Indian Desert is
The Ganga river in Bangladesh is called as
India receives bulk of its rainfall from
South West Monsoon
The monsoon burst first takes place in coastal areas in
The highest rainfall recorded place, Mawsynram is in
The lowest average rainfall recorded in
Monsoon means
Blowing of winds and reverse seasonally
Drought is
A condition when the rainfall is less than 75% of the normal
The state is having the largest area under forest is
Madhya Pradesh
The soil which is most clayey and moisture retentive is
Laterite soils are characterized by leaching away of
Highest account of the total soil cover in the country is
Red soils
The highest intensity of irrigation is found in
Hydro-Electricity is known as
White Coal
The winter crop season is known as
During south west monsoon the crop season is known as
Jute cultivation is predominant in
West Bengal
Black soils are favorable for the cultivation of
Natural rubber cultivation is predominant in
The maximum energy producing mineral in India is
To manufacture the pencils we use
Silk industry is predominating in
Rourkela steel plant was set up with the assistance of
Limestone is the chief raw material for
The biggest oil refinery in India is located at
The largest industry in our country
Textile industry
The important navigable canal in southern India is
Buckingham Canal
River based port in India is
The single largest item of import

Science and Technology Snippets

Green pigment is calledChlorophyll
The carbohydrate produced in the photosynthesisGlucose
Sweetest sugar isFructose
Respiration in Amoeba occurs byDiffusion
Respiratory pigment isHaemoglobin
The colour of the blood in Crabs and Snails isBlue
In cockroach the blood isWhite color
The normal blood pressure of man is120 / 80 mmHg
Doctors measure blood pressure with the instrument calledSphygmomanometer
The inter cellular fluid in blood isPlasma
Nucleus is present in RBC of animals likeCamel
Hormone that controls Phototropism and Geotropism in plants isAuxins
Early ripening of fruits is promoted byEthylene
The master gland of the bodyPituitary gland
Deficiency of iodine in food results in the enlargement of mixed glandPancreas
Deficiency of Insulin causesDiabetes mellitus
The largest part of the brain isCerebrum
The 3 tests for detecting HIV areELISA, Western blot test, PCR tests
Deficiency of Iron causesAnaemia
Deficiency of Iodine causesHypothyroidism
Excessive intake of fluorine results inFluorosis
The name vitamin was given byFunk
The rainfall at a particular place is measured byRain gauge
Forests that grow near the sea shores are calledMangroves
The gas responsible for global warming isCarbon dioxide
Examples for non-renewable resources areCoal, Petroleum
Carbon dioxide, Nitrogen Oxide, Chlorofluro carbons, and hydrocarbons are also called asGreen house gases
Ozone layer is damaged byChlorofluro Carbons
The big waves created in the sea because of the eruption of volcanoes are calledTsunami
Environment friendly fuel isCNG
Which lamps are used to minimize electricity consumptionCompact fluorescent
In human body fats are stored inAdipose tissue
We feel thirsty whenOsmotic pressure of blood increases
Which organism is used in production of alcohol?Yeast
Gasohol is a combination of gasoline andEthyl alcohol
Biochemical and histological examination of tissues is calledBiopsy
Oil spreads over the surface of water becauseOil has less surface tension than water
When an iron nail gets rusted, the weight of the iron nail isIncreased
The element common to all acids isHydrogen
Non-stick cooking utensils are coated withTeflon
Monazite is an ore ofThorium
The gas usually filled in the electric bulb isMixture of Nitrogen and Argon
Washing soda is the common name forSodium carbonate
The hardest substance available on the earth isDiamond
The working principle of a Washing Machine isCentrifugation
The audible sounds having a frequency of20 to 20,000 hertz
The major component in the LPG isPropane
Carbon dioxide is called greenhouse gas becauseIt absorbs infrared radiation
Balloons are filled withHelium
Bell metal is an alloy ofTin and Copper
Heavy water isDeuterium oxide
The gases used in different types of welding would includeOxygen and Acetylene
Cooking oil can be converted into vegetable ghee by the process ofHydrogenation
Milk is an example ofEmulsion
Coloured glasses for goggles containFerrous Oxide
The bacterium responsible for causing plague isYersinia pestis
Who is known as the father of Indian Ecology?R. Mishra
The chemical name of Aspirin isAcetylsalicylic acid
Which vitamin has cobaltVitamin B12
Dry Ice isSolid Carbon dioxide
The protein used in paper coating isCasein
The largest group of plant kingdom isThallophyta
Bacteria was discovered byAntonie Van Lecuwenhoek
The Universal Blood Recipient isAB
Which acid is found in applesMalic acid
The basic structural and functional unit of life isCell
The universal blood group donor for all group isBlood Groop O
Which human gland does secret growth hormone?Pituitary gland
Astronomical Distance is measured inLight year
One byte equal to8 bit
Steel is mainly alloy ofIron and Carbon
What does air bag, used for safety of car driver, contain?Sodium azide
Complete loss of memory is calledAmnesia
The stones formed in human kidney mainly consist ofCalcium oxalate
The oxide of which element is used as coolant?Nitrogen
Sleeping Sickness happens due toTrypanosoma
The gas used in the manufacture of Vanaspati from Vegetable Oil isHydrogen
A device which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy isElectric Motor
In which industry is mica used as a raw material?Electrical Industry
The oxides of which gases cause acid rain?Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulphar
The substance used for artificial rains isSilver Iodide
Red light is used as danger signal because itis scattered least
Chromosomes consist ofDNA and Proteins
Ozone layer in the outer atmosphere helps inAbsorbing UV radiations
Which of the following is known as graveyard of RBCs?Spleen
The name of the white revolution is associated withKurien Verghese
Name the first Lunar Rover of China, which was carried by an unmanned
remotely piloted spacecraft Chang'e-3 and was deployed
successfully on moon on 14 December 2013?
Jade Rabbit (called Yutu in Chinese)
Which country scientists recently developed Li-Fi Tech, a new cheaper way
of getting connected to internet by using signals sent through light bulbs ?
"Green House Effect" means -Trapping of Solar energy due to atmospheric carbon dioxide
2, 4-d is a
The nuclear reaction involved in a nuclear reactor isFusion
The scientist associated with the success of Green Revolution isNorman Borlaug
Centre for DNA fingerprinting is located atHyderabad
Solar energy is due tofusion reactions
A non-conventional source of power isSolar Power
India's permanent Research Station 'Dakshin Gongotri' is located atAntarctica
Penicillin, an antibiotic, is obtained fromFungus
Where was India's first computer installed?Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta
Where the early Tsunami warning system was installed to predict
a tsunami immediately after an
Rangachang in Andaman and Nicobar Islands
____ are used to supply Nitrogen to paddy.Blue green algae
The fish released into ponds and wells to control the mosquitoes isGambusia
Stranger Gas is called asXenon
In the human body, the longest cell isLiver Cell
_____ is used to make electric heater coil.Nichrome
The formation of fruit without fertilisation is known asParthenicarpy
Root modules are commonly found in ____ plants.Leguminous
Alzheimers disease is a disorder of theBrain
Chromosomes of the ___ will determine the sex of a child.Father
Hypermetropia or long sight can be corrected by usingConcave lenses
A plant product obtained from dried latex isOpium
Cryogenic engines are used inRockets
Skin Cancer is caused due to presence of excess ____ in water.Arsenic
The largest satellite in solar system isGanymede
German Silver is an alloy ofCopper, Zinc & Nickel
The tracking of people by trained dogs is based on the recognition of _____ from feet.Carboxylic sweat
Boiling point of water depends onatmospheric Pressure
An astronaut in outer space will observe sky inBlack colour
The polymer used in making plastic crockery isMelamine
Food is cooked in a pressure cooker quickly because boiling point of waterIncreases
Which vegetable's genome was sequenced completely in 2012?Tomato

History Snippets

The policy of Blood and Iron was followed byBismark
What is the name given to the army commanded by Garibaldi?Redshirts
Communist manifesto was written byKarl Marx
'Das kapital' was written byKarl Marx
Napoleon was defeated finally in which war?Waterloo
Mazzini founded a revolutionary society calledYoung Italy
Congo was discovered byCameroon
The highest stage of capitalism isImperialism
Which continent was regarded as 'Dark Continent'?Africa
Which was the first country to fall prey to the EuropeansIndia
Who were the first to develop trade with IndiaPortuguese
Russian parliament is called asDuma
"War is to a nation what maternity is to women" was the principle advocated byMussolini
The author of "Mein Kampf" wasHitler
Robert Mugabe became the first president ofZimbabwe
Who was the founder of Nazi PartyHitler
The founder of Fascist Party wasMussolini
Excavation work of Indus valley civilization was first carried out bySir John Marshall
Temples at Mahabalipuram were built byNarasimhavarman / Pallavas
The immediate Cause of the sepoy mutiny was the use ofEnfield Rifles
The British who succeeded in abolishing the practice of Sati in India wasWilliam Bentinck
The European country which held monopoly over India trade during 16th century wasPortugal
Ramakrishna mission was founded bySwami Vivekananda
Red Fort located in Delhi was built byShahjahan
Great master of Indian medical science wasCharaka
The 1857 Revolt began atMeerut
The sculpture that existed during Kanishka's period was calledGandhara Sculpture / Greco-Buddhist Art
The construction of Qutub Minar was completed byIltutmish
Hiuen Tsang, the Chinese pilgrim visited India during the reign ofHarsha
The earliest of the Vedas isRigveda
Ajanta caves are nearAurangabad (Maharashtra)
Brihadeshwara Temple was built atTanjavur
The builder of Buland Darwaza wasAkbar
The great astronomer of Ancient IndiaVarahamihira / Aryabhatta
The philosophy advocated by Shankara-charya is known asAdvaita
Founder of Mughal EmpireBabur
What was a striking example of city culture at Mohenjo Daro?Great Bath
Who produced Vedic literatureAryans
Tanjavur Brihadeshwara temple built byRaja Raja Chola
The biggest Nataraja image in the country is atChidambaram
Who laid foundation of Indo-Persian school of painting?Akbar
Indo-Persian architecture was patronized byShahjahan
Who gave patronage to Mughul miniature painting?Jahangir
Which is regarded as very ancient native Indian language?Sanskrit
Ganapati festival, Shivaji festival were started byBala Gangadhar Tilak
The 1857 revolt was called asFirst war of Indian Independence
In Chandragupta Vikramaditya's court there were the poets calledNavaratnas
Whose court was adorned by Ashtadiggajas?Sri Krishna Devaraya
Who were responsible for the rise of Bakthi movement?Sufi saints
Ramanuja was a worshipper of Vishnu and preachedVaishnavism
Who popularized the Advaita philosophy?Shankaracharya
Who founded the Dvaita philosophy?Madhvacharya
Who founded the Sikh sect?Guru Nanak
The slogan "Give me blood, I shall give you freedom given bySubhash Chandra Bose
Who said "Satyameva Jayathe" (Truth alone will win)?Madan Mohan Malaviya
Who said "Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it"?Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Who said -Go back to the Vedas?Swami Dayanand Saraswati
Who said -Inquilab Zindabad?Bhagat Singh
Who said 'Do or die'?Gandhi
The book 'Tughluq Namah' was written by?Amir Khusrau
The book 'Akbar Namah' was written by?Abul Fazl
The Rajaraja Temple at Thanjur was built by?Rajendra Chola 1
Gopuram is an important feature ofDravidian construction
Tripitakas are sacred books ofBuddhists
The theory of economic drain of India during British imperialism was propounded byJawaharlal Nehru
The Vijayanagara ruler, Sri Kirshnadeva Raya's work Amuktamalyada, was inTelugu
Two of the great Mughals wrote their own memories areBabur and Jahangir
To which king belongs the Lion capitol at Sarnath?Ashoka
The language of discourses of Gautama Buddha wasPali
To whom of the Republic of Buddha belong?Sakyas
Tipu sultan was the ruler ofMysore
'The Vedas contain all the truth' was interpreted bySwami Dayananda
To meet the educational needs of the people, the Madarasa-I Nasiri was built in the regin ofIltutmish
The Vedic deity Indra was the Goddess ofRain and Thunder
Pulakesin II was the most famous ruler ofChalukyas
Under whose leadership was the All India Muslim League set up?Aga Khan
The Upanishads areA source of Hindu Philosophy
Who was the first Buddhist pilgrim of China to visit India during the reign of Chandragupta VikramadityaFa-Hien
Who found the Servants of India Society?Gopala Krishna Gokhale
Who wrote famous epic ‘Shahnama’?Firdausi
The Salt Satyagraha was held atDandi, Gujarat
The leader of the Indian National Army wasSubash Chandra Bose
Minto-Marley reforms were introduced in1905
Annie Besant belonged toIreland
The Home Rule Movement was started byAnnie Besant/Tilak
The leader of moderates wasGopala Krishna Gokhale
First President of Indian National CongressW.C. Bonerjee
Muslim league was formed in1906
Indian National Congress first session was held atMumbai
The main objective of the extremist was the attainment ofSwaraj
The partition of Bengal was made in 1905 byLord Curzon
Which movement was launched in response to the Partition of Bengal?Vande Mataram
The hymn of Vande Mataram was written byBankim Chandra Chatterjee
Gandhi fought against ____ system at champaranTinkathia
Who was responsible for Jallianwala Bagh massacre?General Dyer
Gandhi took very serious view of the ____ incident and called off the non-cooperation movementChauri Chaura
In 1930, the First Round Table Conference held atLondon
Gandhi-Irwin pact was signed in1931
For which award Gandhiji protested against MacDonaldCommunal
Gandhi and Ambedkar signedPoona Pact
Atlee, the Prime Minister of England sent a Cabinet mission to India in1946
According to ____ plan (1947) the partition of India was happened.Mountbatten
Who were the first Europeans to come to India and last to leave India?Portuguese

Indian National Movement Date Wise Snippets

1885Indian National Congress was formed.
1905Partition of Bengal by Curzon.
1906All India Muslim league was formed.
19111911 - Annulment of the partition of Bengal.
1917Champaran movement
1919Rowlatt Act passed - The act curbed the fundamental rights such as freedom of expression and strengthened the police powers.
1919Jallianwalabagh Massacre. In protest Tagore renounced his knighthood.
1920Khilafat movement. Gandhi took it as an opportunity for Muslim-Hindu unity and supported the movement.
1920Non Cooperation movement. British titles were surrendered. Import of foreign cloth fell drastically between 1920 and 1922.
1920Gandhi called off the Non Cooperation movement.
1922Chauri chaura incident - killing 22 policemen.
1927Simon Commission: the Commission was to recommend further constitutional reforms. It was headed by Sir John Simon. It contained all white members. When the Simon came to Indian he was greeted with black flags as a mark of protest by the Indians with raised slogans stating - "Simon Go Back".
1928Nehru Report: It demanded responsible government advocated dominion states. It was not for complete independence. It demanded universal suffrage. It rejected separated communal elections.
1929Irwin Offer: It proposed a vague offer of 'dominion status' for India in an unspecified future and a Round Table Conference to discuss a future constitution after publication of the Simon Report.
1929Lahore Session of Congress: The president was Jawahar Lal Nehru. It took the decision boycotting Round Table Conference. "Purna Swaraj" was adopted as the main aim of the Congress under the presidentship of J.L.Nehru. It launched a programme of civil disobedience. On Dec 31, 1929, Tricolor was hoisted at the Shore of Ravi.
1930Civil Disobedience Movement started with the Dandi March on 12th March 1930 to break the salt law under the leadership of Gandhi. 26th January, 1930 - observed as "Independence day" all over the country.
1930First Round Table Conference: It was the first ever conference arranged between British and Indians as equal. Congress boycotted it. However Motilal Nehru, Liberals and princes attended it.
1931Second Round Table Conference: Gandhi attended only one round table conference and that is the second roundtable conference.
1931Gandhi-Irwin pact: It offered that all political prisoners would be released except Bhagat singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev. Right to make salt was accepted. Gandhi agreed to suspend the Civil Disobedience Movement and participate in the second session of Round Table Conference.
1932Third Round Table Conference: Majority leaders of INC did not participate. The outcome of the conference was published on a "White paper" based on which the British government passed Government of India Act of 1935.
1932Ramsay MacDonald proposed separate electorate for minority community including Dalits. The proposal was supported by B.R.Ambedkar but it was fully opposed by Gandhi.
1932Poona Pact: Gandhi felt that separate electorate would disintegrate the society on caste lines and would lead to permanent division in the society. To avoid such a situation Gandhi went on for hunger strike for 21 days in Yerrawada central jail. The issue was finally resolved between B.R.Ambedkar and Gandhi by signing the historic Poona Pact. Gandhi devoted himself to the Harijan Cause, for which he started a newspaper called "Harijan".
1935Government of India act 1935 prescribed provincial autonomy and the government announced elections to the provincial legislatures in 1937. Congress formed government in 6 out of 11 provinces.
1942Cripps Missions: The British government wanted India to fully co-operate to it during World War-II and made few proposals to League and Congress and promised them of independence after the war. But the proposals were rejected by both the parties and hence the Cripps Mission was a failure.
1942Gandhi called for Quit India movement DO or DIE to fight the British. Communication and symbols of the state authority were attacked all over the country.
1945Wavell Plan: which suggested that all portfolios except Defence would be held by the Indian members. The Plan also suggested the reconstitution of the Viceroy's Executive Council and the political parties have to nominate few candidates from their party out of whom the viceroy would select candidate of his choice for the Executive Council.
1945Shimla Conference: To discuss these proposals and for a better future India, Wavell called all the political parties for their opinion to Shimla and this conference is popularly called as Shimla conference. Differences arose between Congress and League about the representation of Muslim community. The conference was a failure.
1946Cabinet Mission: The mission consisted of Lord Pethick-Lawrence, the Secretary of State for India, Sir Stafford Cripps, President of the Board of Trade and A. V. Alexander, the First Lord of the Admiralty. The mission suggested that India should remain united and constitute itself as a loose federation with some autonomy for Muslim majority areas. Both Congress and League did not agree to specific details of the proposal.
1946Direct Action Day - Muslim League announced 16th august 1946 as Direct action day. On this day riots broke in Calcutta lasting for several days. By March 1947 violence spread to different parts of northern India.
1947Indian Independence Act 1947: It was the Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and it received the royal assent on 18 July 1947. According to this act the British India was to be divided into two states namely India and Pakistan.
On 15th August 1947India became independent.