Monday, April 20, 2015

Uttarakhand P.C.S. (Pre.) Exam General Studies Solved Paper (Exam Held on 30-11-2014)

1. Which of the following economists, introduced fiscal policy as a tool to rectify the Great Depression of 1929-30?
(A) Prof. Keynes (B) Prof. Pigou (C) Prof. Marshall (D) Prof. Crowther (Ans : A)

2. The Committee on Financial Sector Reforms 2008, in India was headed by– 
(A) Bimal Jalan (B) Raghuram Rajan (C) C. Rangarajan (D) M. Narasimham (Ans : B)

3. As per Census 2011, the sex ratio (number of females per 1000 males) in India is– 
(A) 925 (B) 947 (C) 916 (D) 940 (Ans : D)

4. The Planned Development Model was adopted in India from– 
(A) April 1, 1951 (B) August 15, 1947 (C) January 26, 1950 (D) May 1, 1965 (Ans : A)

5. Which one of the following is the Chairman of the National Development Council ? 
(A) Prime Minister of India (B) Finance Minister of Govt. of India 
(C) President of India (D) Vice-President of India (Ans : A)

6. Which of the following states in India is famous for rubber cultivation? 
(A) Karnataka (B) Odisha (C) Andhra Pradesh (D) Kerala (Ans : D)

7. Which one of the following is part of fiscal policy? 
(A) Production policy (B) Tax policy (C) Foreign policy (D) Interest rate policy (Ans : B)

8. NREGA was renamed ‘MNREGA’ on– 
(A) October 2, 2007 (B) February 2, 2008 (C) October 2, 2009 (D) October 2, 2010 (Ans : C)

9. The Indian rupee was made convertible into which of the following accounts since March 1994 ? 
(A) Capital Account (B) Current Account (C) Both (A) and (B) (D) Revenue Account (Ans : B)

10. The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority was set up in India on– 
(A) April 2000 (B) April 2001 (C) April 2002 (D) Apri1 2003 (Ans : A)

11. Which of the following economists propagated the Pure Monetary Theory of Trade Cycle? 
(A) Hawtrey (B) Hayek (C) Keynes (D) Hicks (Ans : A)

12. Who is the author of the book ‘The Accumulation of Capital’? 
(A) Mrs. Joan Robinson (B) Adam Smith (C) Lord Maynard Keynes (D) None of the above (Ans : A)

13. Multimedia can contain– 
(A) Numeric, text, and picture data (B) Graphics, animation, video, music and voice 
(C) Only numeric type data (D) None of the above (Ans : B)

14. Sending an identical e-mail message repeatedly to a particular address by any abuser is called– 
(A) E-mail Spoofing (B) E-mail Spamming (C) E-mail Bombing (D) None of the above (Ans : C)

15. A program that has capability to infect other programs and make copies of itself and spread into other programs is called– 
(A) Worm (B) Virus (C) Trojan (D) None of the above (Ans : B)

16. The practice of using more than one type of medium in computer at the same time is called– 
(A) Multimedia (B) Macromedia (C) Interactivity (D) None of the above (Ans : A)

17. One carbon credit is equivalent to– 
(A) 10 kg of CO2 (B) 100 kg of CO2 
(C) 1000 kg of CO2 (D) 10000 kg of CO2 (Ans : C)

18. Kedar valley disaster of June, 2013, was cause by heavy rains in the catchment area of a river, which was– 
(A) Alaknanda (B) Bhagirathi (C) Yamuna (D) Mandakini (Ans : D)

19. Leakage of which of the following gases had caused the Bhopal Gas Tragedy? 
(A) Methyl isocyanate (B) Carbon Mono-oxide 
(C) Nitric oxide (D) Sulphur di-oxide (Ans : A)

20. Minamata disease is caused due to– 
(A) Arsenic poisoning (B) Lead poisoning 
(C) Mercury poisoning (D) Cadmium poisoning (Ans : C)

21. The number of organisms that can be supported by the environment in a given area is known as– 
(A) Population (B) Carrying Capacity 
(C) Pyramid of number or biomass (D) None of the above (Ans : B)

22. The size of the nano-particle ranges between– 
(A) 100 mm to 1000 nm (B) 0.1 nm to 1 nm 
(C) 1 nm to 100 nm (D) 0.01 nm to 0.1 nm (Ans : C)

23. Which of the following is not a function of the Reserve Bank of India? 
(A) Regulation of currency (B) Regulation of foreign trade 
(C) Regulation of credit (D) Custody and management of country’s foreign exchange reserves. (Ans : B)

24. In Cyber Law terminology ‘DOS’ means– 
(A) Denial of Service (B) Disk Operating System 
(C) Distant Operator Service (D) None of the above (Ans : A)

25. Which among the following gas is most responsible for global warming? 
(A) Nitrogen (B) Methane (C) Carbon di-oxide (D) Carbon mono-oxide (Ans : C)

26. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? 
(A) Ebola Virus -Small Pox (B) Biometric identification – Fingerprints and Iris scan 
(C) Cloning – Genetic replica (D) DNA Fingerprinting – Paternity or criminal identification (Ans : A)

27. Which Uranium isotope is used in nuclear power plants to produce electricity ? 
(A) U-233 (B) U-234 (C) U-235 (D) U-239 (Ans : C)

28. The main constituent of biogas is– 
(A) Hydrogen (B) Methane (C) Butane (D) Acetylene (Ans : B)

29. Which one of the following element is used in solar cells? 
(A) Silicon (B) Cerium (C) Astatine (D) Vanadium (Ans : A)

30. Which among the following is not a polymer? 
(A) Nylon (B) Teflon (C) Caprolactum (D) Polystyrene (Ans : B)

31. Which Vitamin is required for in clotting of blood? 
(A) Vitamin A (B) Vitamin C (C) Vitamin E (D) Vitamin K (Ans : D)

32. Filament of electric bulb is made of– 
(A) Tungsten (B) Nichrome (C) Lead (D) Aluminium (Ans : A)

33. Which of the following radiations has the highest energy per quantum? 
(A) 320-400 nm (B) 200-280 nm (C) 280-320 nm (D) 400-600 nm (Ans : B)

34. India’s first dedicated navigation satellite IRNSS - lA was launched from– 
(A) Sriharikota (B) Ahmedabad (C) Thiruvananthpuram (D) Bengaluru (Ans : A)

35. Biodiversity changes occur– 
(A) Increases towards the equator (B) Decreases towards the equator 
(C) Remains unchanged throughout the Earth (D) Increase towards the poles (Ans : A)

36. Bacillus thuringiensis is used as– 
(A) Biofertilizer (B) Biological insecticide (C) Chemical fertilizer (D) Chemical insecticide (Ans : B)

37. Who won the Gold Medal in the 20th (Glasgow) Commonwealth Games 2014 in Wrestling in 74 kg weight category ? 
(A) Virendra Kumar (B) Sushil Kumar (C) Yogeshwar Dutt (D) Praveen Kumar (Ans : B)

38. Who among the following scientists has been conferred upon ‘Bharat Ratna’ for the year 2013 ? 
(A) K. L. Mashelkar (B) G. P. Rao (C) Hariharan Parthsarthi (D) C.N.R. Rao (Ans : D)

39. Great Himalayan National Park, which has been accorded the UNESCO World Heritage Site status, is located in– 
(A) Uttarakhand (B) Himachal Pradesh (C) Jammu-Kashmir (D) Nagaland (Ans : B)

40. Where is the Headquarters of North-Central Railway Zone situated? 
(A) Allahabad (B) Jabalpur (C) Bhopal (D) Delhi (Ans : A)

41. In the Union Budget, 2014 the Integrated Ganga Conservation Mission has been called as– 
(A) Clean Ganga (B) Sacred Ganga (C) The Great Ganga (D) Namami Gange (Ans : D)

42. According to National Youth Policy 2014, the youths of which one of the following age groups will be benefitted ? 
(A) 15-29 years (B) 16-28 years (C) 15-22 years (D) 17-28 years (Ans : A)

43. International Day of Non-violence is observed on– 
(A) December 10 (B) January 30 (C) October 2 (D) March 23 (Ans : C)

44. The "Rashtriya Gokul Mission" announced by the Union Government aims at-
(A) Protecting the indigenous breed of cows (B) Developing high milk yielding cow breeds 
(C) Curbing slaughtering of cattles (D) Eliminating Foot and Mouth disease in cattles (Ans : A)

45. POCSO Act is related to– 
(A) Oil companies (B) Children (C) Civil servants (D) Oceans (Ans : B)

46. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? 
(A) Optic fibres - Light waves (B) Android - Voice input 
(C) Large Hadron Collider - God particle (D) Red Planet - Mars (Ans : B)

47. Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS) is situated at– 
(A) Dehradun (B) New Delhi (C) Lucknow (D) Nagpur (Ans : A)

48. Who among the following won the Presidential election of Syria for the third time in 2014 ? 
(A) Abdel Fattah el sisi (B) Bashar-Al-Asad (C) Nuri Abu Sahmein (D) Noori-AI-Maliki (Ans : B)

49. The new government at the centre has recently ratified the Marrakesh Treaty. This treaty aims at– 
(A) Developing Marine Living resources (B) Regulating air transport services 
(C) Promotion of access to published works by visually impaired persons and persons with print disabilities (D) Promoting studies in cell-biology (Ans : C)

50. Which one of the following films bagged the Palmed’ or award at Cannes Film Festival-2014 ? 
(A) Winter Sleep (B) Grace of Monaco 
(C) The Wonders (D) Goodbye to Languages (Ans : A)
 


51. Who among the following has been the first African U.N. Secretary General? 
(A) Ban Ki Moon (B) Javier Perez De Cuellar 
(C) Boutros-Boutros Ghali (D) U-Thant (Ans : C)

52. Which one of the following surface to air missiles was success-fully testfired in May 2014 from Chandipur (Odisha) ? 
(A) Prithavi (B) Aakash (C) Trishul (D) Brahmos (Ans : B)

53. What is the name of the new museum that was inaugurated in the Rashtrapati Bhawan on July 25, 2014 ? 
(A) Glimpses of History (B) Toshakhana (C) The Stables (D) Indradhanush (Ans : C)

54. Who among the following won the Asian Billiard Championship in June 2014 ? 
(A) Alok Kumar (B) B. Bhaskar (C) Dhruv Sitwala (D) Saurav Kothari (Ans : D)

55. Which of the following has won gold medal of Wimbledon Under-19 Gold-tournament of 2014 ? 
(A) Unmukta Chand (B) Leander Paes (C) Lakshya Sen (D) Saina Nehwal (Ans : C)

56. Which of the following state / states will be benefitted by the proposed ‘Kishau Dam’ Project? 
(A) Haryana (B) Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh 
(C) Jammu-Kashmir (D) Assam (Ans : B)

57. Who has been appointed the new National Security Advisor of India? 
(A) Dalbir Singh (B) Amit Shah (C) K. P. S. Menon (D) Ajit Kumar Doval (Ans : D)

58. Who was the Chief Guest at the Republic Day parade 2014 of India? 
(A) Nawaz Sharif (B) Shinzo Abe (C) Hu Jinto (D) Sheikh Hasina (Ans : B)

59. Who is India’s women Parliamentarian to win election for the eight consecutive times from the same Lok Sabha Constituency? 
(A) Sushma Swaraj (B) Sumitra Mahajan (C) Maneka Gandhi (D) Savitri Jindal (Ans : B)

60. Who is the author of the book "Out of Print – Newspapers, Journalism and the Business of News in the Digital Age" ? 
(A) Professor George Brock (B) Rabbin Jafferey (C) Nic Newman (D) Mark Tully (Ans : A)

61. Who has been appointed as the ‘Horticulture Ambassador of Maharashtra’ ? 
(A) Akshay Kumar (B) Ranbir Kapoor (C) Ranveer Singh (D) Amitabh Bachchan (Ans : D)

62. According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Report of July 2014 which one of the following countries has effectively reduced its stockpile of enriched Uranium ? 
(A) North Korea (B) Iran (C) Iraq (D) Libya (Ans : B)

63. Who was nominated as ‘Good Will Ambassador’ by ‘U.N. Women’ - a forum of the United Nations, for its ‘He for She’ campaign in July 2014 ? 
(A) J. K. Rowling (B) Julia Roberts (C) Maria Sharapova (D) Emma Watson (Ans : D)

64. Which of the following won the first medal for India at the 17th Asian Games organised in South Korea? 
(A) Shweta Choudhari (B) P. Kashyap (C) Sanjita Chanu (D) Deepika Kumari (Ans : A)

65. According to Fortaleza Declaration (Brazil 2014) of Sixth BRICS Summit what is the initial subsidized capital to be equally shared among founding members to establish new development bank and for addressing infra- structure gaps and sustainable development needs? 
(A) 200 billion U.S. dollars (B) 150 billion U.S. dollars (C) 100 billion U.S. dollars (D) 50 billion U.S. dollars (Ans : C)

66. Which one of the following organizations has officially declared India as a Polio free country in March 2014 ? 
(A) W.H.O. (B) U.N.O. (C) Red Cross Society (D) None of these (Ans : A)

67. Which of the following is presently the Chairperson of Rashtriya Mahila Ayog ? 
(A) Lalitha Kumaramangalam (B) Girija Vyas (C) Mamta Sharma (D) Nazma Heptullah (Ans : A)

68. The famous Nanda Rajjat of Uttarakhand took place during which period in 2014? 
(A) From 4 August to 6th September (B) From 16 August to 16th September 
(C) From 18 August to 6th September (D) From 21 August to 10th September (Ans : C)

69. Who was known as ‘Nakati Rani’ in the history of Garhwal ? 
(A) Guleria Rani (B) Kamavati Rani (C) Nepalia Rani (D) Kamlendumati Rani (Ans : B)

70. Garhwal Sarvadalita Board was constituted in 1928 A.D. by– 
(A) Mohan Singh Mehta (B) Badri Dutt Pande (C) Jayananda Bharti (D) Hargovind Pant (Ans : C)

71. ‘Praja Mandal’ was established at Dehradun with the objective– 
(A) To get freedom from British rule (B) To get freedom from Gurkha rule 
(C) To organize people for social reforms (D) To free the people from misrule of Tehri-Rajya (Ans : D)

72. Read the statements (A) and (B) and choose the correct answer from the codes given below– 
(a) The sixth century B.C. was a period of great religious upheaval in all parts of the world. 
(b) The Vedic religion had become very complex. 
Codes: 
(A) Both (a) and (b) are false. (B) Both (a) and (b) are true. 
(C) (a) is true, while (b) is false. (D) (a) is false, while (b) is true. (Ans : B)

73. The earliest known epigraphic evidence of Bhagvatism is– 
(A) Prayag Prashasti of Samudra Gupta (B) Nasik inscription of Gautami Balshri 
(C) Garuda column at Besnagar (D) Ayodhya inscription of Dhanadeva (Ans : C)

74. Buddhist text ‘Milindapanho’ throws light on which Indo- Greek ruler? 
(A) Diodorus II (B) Demetrius (C) Minender (D) Strato I (Ans : C)

75. In which Vedic text the term ‘Varna’ is found referred for the first time? 
(A) Rigveda (B) Atharvaveda (C) Samveda (D) Yajurveda (Ans : A)

76. There were different causes for the downfall of the Gupta empire. Which one was not the cause among the statements given below? 
(A) Huna invasion (B) Feudal set-up of administration 
(C) Acceptance of Buddhism by the later Guptas (D) Arab invasion (Ans : D)

77. Almora coins bear the names– 
(A) Sivapala, Sivapalita and Haripal (B) Sivapalita, Siva and Hari 
(C) Sivadatta, Sivapalita and Haridatta (D) Sivadatta, Sivapalita and Hari (Ans : C)

78. Tick out the correctly matched option out of the following combination of king and his capital– 
(A) Somchand – Raj Bunga (B) Kankapal – Devalgarh 
(C) Ajaypal – Tehri (D) Man Singh – Chand pur garh 
(Ans : A)

79. Match the following monuments with their concerned ruler and select the correct code given below– 
Monument 
(a) Double dome (b) Octagonal tomb (c) True arch tomb (d) Gol Gumbad 
Ruler 1. Sher Shah 2. Muhammad Adil Shah 3. Balban 4. Sikandar Lodi 
Code: (a) (b) (c) (d) 
(A) 4 3 1 2 
(B) 4 1 3 2 
(C) 1 3 4 2 
(D) 2 3 1 4 (Ans : B)

80. Which monument is not at Fatehpur Sikri? 
(A) Golden Palace (B) Panch Mahal (C) Jodha Bai Palace (D) Akbari Mahal (Ans : D)

81. Which one of the following Ashrams related to Mahatma Gandhi, is the oldest? 
(A) Sabarmati (B) Phoenix (C) Wardha (D) Sadaqat (Ans : B)

82. The first Chief Justice of Supreme Court established by the East India Company was-
(A) Elijah Impey (B) Courtney Ilbert (C) Phillip Francis (D) None of the above (Ans : A)

83. Who was the author of ‘Neel-Darpan’ ? 
(A) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar (B) Bankim Chandra Chatterji 
(C) Nabagopal Mitra (D) Dinabandhu Mitra (Ans : D)

84. Azimullah Khan was an advisor to– 
(A) Nana Saheb (B) Tantya Tope (C) Rani Laxmi Bai (D) Kunwar Singh (Ans : A)

85. Who established ‘Satya Sodhak Samaj’ ? 
(A) B.R. Ambedkar (B) Santram (C) Jotiba Phule (D) Bhaskar Rao Jadhav (Ans : C)

86. Muzaffar Ahmad, S.A. Dange, Shaukat Usmani and Nalini Gupta were jailed for which conspiracy ? 
(A) Kakori train heist (B) Chittagong Armoury raid (C) Meerut conspiracy case (D) Kanpur Bolshevik conspiracy case (Ans : D)

87. The longest glacier in Uttara-khand is– 
(A) Pindari Glacier (B) Chorabari Glacier (C) Yamunotri Glacier (D) Gangotri Glacier (Ans : D)

88. The earliest reference of ‘Magnetic Compass’ is found in– 
(A) Miftahul Fuzala (B) Chachnama (C) Ranazatu’s Safar (D) Jawamiul Hikayat (Ans : D)

89. After the downfall of the Delhi Sultanate, who was the first ruler to issue the gold coin? 
(A) Akbar (B) Humayun (C) Shahjahan (D) Sher Shah (Ans : A)

90. In which of the following river’s confluence is Gobindghat located? 
(A) Alaknanda and Bhagirathi (B) Alaknanda and Khirongad 
(C) Alaknanda and Laxman Ganga (Bhyundar Gad) (D) Alaknanda and Dhauli Ganga 
(Ans : C)

91. Which of the following is a bio-sphere reserve in Uttarakhand ? 
(A) Gobind (B) Corbett 
(C) Rajaji (D) Nanda Devi (Ans : D)

92. Which one is the most extensive part of the oceanic floor? 
(A) Ocean Deeps (B) Continental Slope 
(C) Continental Shelves (D) Deep Sea Plains (Ans : D)

93. Grenada is located in– 
(A) Pacific Ocean (B) Indian Ocean (C) Caribbean Sea (D) Mediterranean Sea (Ans : C)

94. A telegram was sent from Greenwich at 12.00 Noon. The time for transmission was 12 minutes. It reached a town at 6.00 p.m. The longitude of the town will be– 
(A) 97° E (B) 87° E (C) 87° W (D) 97° W (Ans : B)

95. Which one of the following is not a member of ‘BRICS’ ? 
(A) India (B) China (C) Saudi Arabia (D) Brazil (Ans : C)

96. Which one of the following is not associated to the ‘group’ ? 
(A) Gneiss (B) Sandstone (C) Limestone (D) Shale (Ans : A)

97. The state having highest literacy rate as per 2011 Census is– 
(A) Uttar Pradesh (B) Manipur (C) Rajasthan (D) Mizoram (Ans : D)

98. Which of the following is not properly matched? 
Biosphere Reserve  State 
(A) Similipal – Odisha 
(B) Nokrek – Meghalaya
(C) Agasthya malai – Kerala 
(D) Kanchen junga – Himachal Pradesh (Ans : D)

99. According to 2011 Census, which of the following districts of Uttarakhand had negative population growth-rate? 
(A) Pithoragarh (B) Almora (C) Rudraprayag (D) Uttarkashi (Ans : B)

100. Which are called ‘Duns’ in Uttarakhand ? 
(A) Structural valleys (B) River valleys (C) Alpine grasslands (D) Narrow valleys (Ans : A)
 


101. On the outline map of India (A), (B), (C) and (D) depict the location of four coal fields. Which one is not correctly shown on the map?

(A) Satpura (B) Son valley (C) Korba (D) Karnpura (Ans : D)

102. Which one of the following groups is the correct sequence of mountain peaks from east to west? 
(A) Everest, Kanchenjunga, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri (B) Kanchenjunga, Everest, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri 
(C) Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna, Everest (D) Everest, Kanchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna (Ans : B)

103. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below– 
List-I (Industry) 
(a) Fertilizer (b) Glass (c) Cement (d) Synthetic silk 
List- II (Location) 
1. Kota 2. Udaipur 3. Jaipur 4. Sriganganagar 
Codes: 
(a) (b) (c) (d) 
(A) 4 3 2 1 
(B) 1 4 3 2 
(C) 2 1 4 3 
(D) 3 2 1 4 (Ans : A)

104. Which one of the following rivers is associated with Sardar Sarovar Project? 
(A) Narmada (B) Tapti (Tapi) (C) Godawari (D) Cauvery (Kaveri) (Ans : A)

105. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer by using the code given below– 
List-I (Sea-Port) 
(a) Alleppey (b) Ennore (c) Paradip (d) Kakinada 
List-II (State) 
1. Tamil Nadu 2. Odisha 3. Kerala 4. Andhra Pradesh 
Codes: (a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) 3 1 2 4 
(B) 4 2 1 3 
(C) 2 4 3 1 
(D) 1 3 4 2 (Ans : A)

106. Basaltic Lava rocks over Indian Deccan Plateau are formed in the following period– 
(A) Cretaceous period (B) Pleistocene period 
(C) Carboniferrous period (D) Miocene period (Ans : A)

107. Who was the first Indian to join as a member of UN Human Rights Commission, constituted in 1946? 
(A) Smt. Sarojini Naidu (B) Smt. Hansa Mehta 
(C) Smt. Vijaya Laxmi Pandit (D) None of the above (Ans : B)

108. Treaties of ‘START-I’ and ‘START-II’ were signed– 
(A) Between USA and USSR (B) Between USA and China 
(C) Between USSR and China (D) None of the above (Ans : A)

109. When did the Protection of Human Rights Act come into force in India ? 
(A) 1990 (B) 1991 (C) 1992 (D) 1993 (Ans : D)

110. Under which agreement International Monetary Fund was established? 
(A) Bretton Woods Agreement (B) Bretton Stone Agreement 
(C) S. Woods Agreement (D) U. Thant Agreement (Ans : A)

111. When was South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation 
(SAARC) established? 
(A) 1984 (B) 1987 (C) 1985 (D) 1989 (Ans : C)

112. State Legislative Assembly can participate in the election of following– 
I. President of India II. Vice-President of India 
III. Members of Rajya Sabha IV. Members of Legislative Council 
Select the correct answer– 
(A) I, II and III (B) I, III and IV (C) I and III (D) I, II and IV (Ans : B)

113. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the States of India in descending order of their area? 
(A) Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh (B) Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Chhattis-garh 
(C) Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand (D) Himachal Pradesh, Uttara-khand, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh (Ans : C)

114. Which river among the following does not join the Ganga river from left? 
(A) Gomati (B) Ghaghra (C) Kosi (D) Son (Ans : D)

115. By whom the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India can be enlarged? 
(A) President of India (B) Parliament by passing a resolution 
(C) Parliament by making a law (D) President in consultation with Chief Justice of India (Ans : C)

116. Council of Minister is collectively responsible to whom? 
(A) Prime Minister (B) President (C) Rajya Sabha (D) Lok Sabha (Ans : D)

117. Which of the following has been described as the soul of the Indian Constitution? 
(A) Fundamental Rights (B) Directive Principles of State Policy 
(C) Right to Constitutional Remedies (D) The Preamble (Ans : C)

118. The Lok Sabha Secretariat comes under the direct supervision of– 
(A) Ministry of Home Affairs (B) Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs 
(C) President of India (D) Lok Sabha Speaker (Ans : D)

119. Who among the following is not appointed by the State Governor? 
(A) Chief Minister (B) Members, State Public Service Commission 
(C) Judges of High Court (D) Advocate General (Ans : C)

120. Under which of the following the Constituent Assembly of India was constituted ? 
(A) Government of India Act, 1935 (B) Cripps Proposals, 1942 
(C) Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946 (D) Indian Independence Act, 1947 (Ans : C)

121. Which of the following constitute the Indian Parliament? 
(A) President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha (B) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and Prime Minister 
(C) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and Minister for Parliamentary Affairs (D) Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and Parliament Secretariat (Ans : A)

122. Who presides over the joint sitting of the two houses of the Parliament? 
(A) President of India (B) Vice-President of India 
(C) Prime Minister of India (D) Speaker of Lok Sabha (Ans : D)

123. What is the tenure of Chief Election Commissioner of India? 
(A) Five years (B) Six years or 65 years of age, whichever is earlier 
(C) Five years or 65 years of age, whichever is earlier (D) During the pleasure of the President of India (Ans : B)

124. Where the Public Interest Litigation (PIL) can be filed? 
(A) Only in Supreme Court of India (B) Only in High Courts of States 
(C) In Central Administrative Tribunals (D) Both in High Courts and Supreme Court (Ans : D)

125. Who was the first Governor of Uttaranchal (now Uttarakhand) ? 
(A) Smt. Margret Alva (B) Shri Sudarshan Agarwal 
(C) Shri B. L. Joshi (D) Shri Surjit Singh Barnala (Ans : D)

126. Which Constitutional amendment provided constitutional status to urban local government? 
(A) 72nd (B) 73rd (C) 74th (D) 71st (Ans : C)

127. Who was the first Chairman of ‘Uttarakhand Kranti Dal’? 
(A) D.D. Pant (B) Badri Datt Pande 
(C) Diwakar Bhatt (D) Mathura Prasad Barnrada (Ans : A)

128. Who is known as ‘Gandhi of Uttarakhand’ ? 
(A) Gaura Devi (B) Sunderlal Bahuguna 
(C) Madho Singh Bhandari (D) Indramani Badoni (Ans : D)

129. A person can contest the Panchayat election, if he has attained the age of– 
(A) 25 years (B) 30 years (C) 21 years (D) 18 years (Ans : C)

130. By which Constitutional Amendment OBCs have been given 27 per cent reservation in the admission to educational institutions? 
(A) 92nd (B) 93rd (C) 94th (D) 96th (Ans : B)

131. Who administers the Oath of office and secrecy to the Governor? 
(A) President (B) Chief Justice of Supreme Court 
(C) Chief Justice of High Court (D) Chief Minister (Ans : C)

132. Which one of the following states first established the institution of Lokayukta? 
(A) Rajasthan (B) Maharashtra (C) Bihar (D) Gujarat (Ans : B)

133. Which of the following commissions/ committees has recommended the creation of a Local Body Ombudsman ? 
(A) First Administrative Reforms Commission (B) Second Administrative Reforms Commission 
(C) Balwantrai Mehta Committee (D) Ashok Mehta Committee (Ans : B)

134. Which one of the following committees is not associated with Panchayat Raj System in India? 
(A) Dinesh Goswami Committee (B) L. M. Singhvi Committee 
(C) Sadiq Ali Committee (D) Ashok Mehta Committee (Ans : A)

135. Under which article of the Constitution reservations in admission to educational institutions, including private and unaided, to OBCs/ST /SC is made? 
(A) Article 15(4) (B) Article 15(5) 
(C) Article 16(4) (D) Article 16(5) (Ans : B)

136. ‘Right to Education’ introduced through 86th Amendment came into force– 
(A) In 2002 (B) In 2004 (C) In 2008 (D) In 2010 (Ans : D)

137. Which tribes of Uttarakhand had trade relations with Tibet before 1962 war with China? 
(A) Raji (B) Bhotia (C) Boksa (D) Jaunsari (Ans : B)

138. Who established the ‘Garhdesh Seva Sangh’ ? 
(A) Sridev Suman (B) Badri Datt Pande (C) Rampal (D) Gopi Chand (Ans : A)

139. As per 2011 Census, literacy rate of Uttarakhand State is– 
(A) 79.63 per cent (B) 87.40 per cent (C) 70.40 per cent (D) 75.80 per cent (Ans : A)

140. Which one of the following is the highest snow-covered peak of Uttarakhand State? 
(A) Kamet (B) Trisule (C) Nanda Devi (D) Chogori (Ans : C)

141. On which of the following rivers, the Tehri Hydro Power Project has been constructed? 
(A) Bhagirathi and Alaknanda (B) Yamuna and Bhagirathi 
(C) Kali and Tonse (D) Bhagirathi and Bhilangana (Ans : D)

142. Which one of the following countries was included in ‘BRICS’ in the last? 
(A) India (B) China (C) South Africa (D) Brazil (Ans : C)

143. The Bretton Woods Conference led to the establishment of– 
I. I.M.F. II. I.B.R.D. III. United Nations IV. W.T.O. 
(A) I and II (B) I, II and III 
(C) I and III (D) I, II, III and IV (Ans : A)

144. Which one of the following organizations publishes the Human Development Report? 
(A) UNESCO (B) World Bank (C) U.N.D.P. (D) I.M.F. 
(Ans : C)

145. Which one of the following World Bank affiliates, provides assistance for poverty alleviation to the world’s poorest countries? 
(A) International Finance Corporation (B) International Development Association 
(C) Multi-lateral Investment Guarantee Agency (D) International Monetary Fund 
(Ans : B)

146. When the exchange rate changes from 1$ = Rs. 60 to 1$ = Rs. 58, it means– 
I. Rupee value has appreciated II. Dollar value has depreciated 
III. Rupee value has depreciated IV. Dollar value has appreciated 
(A) I and II are correct. (B) II and III are correct. 
(C) I and IV are correct. (D) II and IV are correct. (Ans : A)

147. According to Malthusian Theory of Population, population increases in– 
(A) Geometrical Progression (B) Arithmetic Progression 
(C) Harmonic Progression (D) None of the above (Ans : A)

148. The Phillips Curve represents relationship between– 
(A) Deflation and Unemployment (B) Inflation and Unemployment 
(C) Inflation and Disguised Unemployment (D) Deflation and Cyclical Unemployment (Ans : B)

149. Which one of the following is known as ‘mystery lake’ of Uttarakhand ? 
(A) Nainital (B) Sattal (C) Roopkund (D) Naukuchiatal (Ans : C)

150. Which of the following food crops of Uttarakhand State, covers the maximum sown area? 
(A) Maize (B) Bajra (C) Wheat (D) Rice (Ans : C)
 

Thursday, April 2, 2015

100 MEMORABLE POINTS OF GENERAL KNOWLEDGE

Indian Polity and Constitution
1. The writ issued by a higher court to a lower court or tribunal either to transfer a case pending with the latter to itself or to squash the order of the latter in a case is known as —Certiorari
2. Provision as to financial emergency in the Constitution of India is mentioned in —Article 360
3. Part XIVA (Article 323 A covered) establishing Administrative Tribunals for the adjudication or trial of disputes and complaints with respect to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services or posts under central government or state government has been inserted in the Constitution by —The Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976
4. In which historic case did the Supreme Court of India hold that the Preamble to the Constitution of India is a part of the Constitution and hence can be amended ? —Kesavananda Bharti Vs. State of Kerala (1973)
5. How many times has the Preamble been amended ? —Once in 1976 by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act
6. The idea of Republic and the ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity as inserted in the Preamble to the Constitution of India have been borrowed from —French Constitution
7. Which set of duties of Chief Minister of a state has been mentioned in Article 167 of the Constitution of India ? —Duties of Chief Minister with regard to furnishing of information to Governor
8. The provisions as covered by Article 343 to 351 under Part XVII of the Constitution of India deals with —Official Language
9. The Citizenship Act 1955 prescribes three ways of losing citizenship whether acquired under the Act or prior to it under the Constitution viz. —By renunciation, by termination and by deprivation
10. As per the honourable Supreme Court judgement, the right to fair trial is a part of —Right to Life and Liberty under Article 21 of the Constitution of India

Indian National Movement
11. The Indian National Congress adopted the resolution of Poorna Swaraj in its session at —Lahore in 1929
12. The newspaper brought out by Bal Gangadhar Tilak to promote nationalism was —Kesari
13. Who started the newspaper ‘Bande Mataram’ ? —Bipin Chandra Pal
14. The founder of East India Association was —Dada Bhai Naoroji
15. In 1915-16, the Home Rule League Movement was launched under the leadership of —Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak
16. By which act of British India, was the Governor General empowered to issue Ordinance ? —Indian Councils Act 1861
17. Muslim League passed on 23 March 1940 as —Pakistan Resolution
18. Who founded Anushilan Samiti in 1907 in Dhaka ? —Barinder Ghosh and Bhupender Dutt
19. The revolutionary who was associated with the Indian Independence League was —Lala Hardayal
20. An interim cabinet headed by Jawahar Lal Nehru was formed by the Congress in —September 1946

History and Culture of India
21. By which battle was British rule in India established firmly ? —Battle of Buxar in 1764
22. Which Mughal emperor named the city of Allahabad ? —Akbar
23. In Buddhism Patimokkha stands for —A collection of rules pertaining to discipline, prohibitions and repentence for infringement 
24. The eastern most outpost of the Indus Civilization (Alamgirpur) was excavated by —Y. D. Sharma
25. Sabha and Samiti have been called two daughters of Prajapati in —The Atharvaveda
26. The Department named Diwane-Amir Kohi-related to agriculture was established by —Muhammad Bin Tuglaq
27. On what ground was Avadh annexed into the British Empire ? —Alleged Misgovernment
28. Which Governor General is remembered for the annulment of the Partition of Bengal ? —Lord Hardinge
29. The text which lays down rules for reconversion into Hindu fold of the Hindus forcibly converted into Islam —Devala Smriti
30. Ibn Batuta was a traveller from —Morocco

Economic Affairs of India
31. The minimum calorie intake determining the poverty line in India in rural area is —2,400 calories for a rural person 
32. Which commission/committee was formed to study and suggest pricing pattern for oil and natural gas sectors in India ? —B. K. Chaturvedi Committee 
33. Steel Authority of India was established in the year —1974
34. National Income in India is regularly estimated by —Central Statistical Organisation (CSO)
35. The second largest Railway network in the world is —Indian Railway Network
36. Indian state which ranks first in the length of roadways among various states of the country is —Maharashtra
37. The three important gold fields in India are —Kolar Gold Field, Hutti Gold Field and Ramgiri Gold Field
38. The major six sectors of Bharat Nirman Yojna are —Irrigation, Roads, Housing, Water supply, Electrification and Rural Communication
39. India’s rank in United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO) report on Industrial Competitive Index for 2005 is —54th
40. The number of Indian Companies which have found a place in the list of 200 best companies of Asia list as declared by Forbes’ Magazine is —20

Geography (India and the World)
41. The top ten most populous states of India U.P., Maharashtra, Bihar, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, M. P., Rajasthan, Karnataka and Gujarat (in descending order) together account for —About 76% of the total population of the country
42. The highest percentage of decadal growth of population during the period 1991-2001 was registered by —Nagaland (64•41%)
43. Gokak falls is situated in which district ? —Belgaum (Karnataka) 
44. Pochampad irrigation project lies on —The Godavari river
45. The place/city located at the confluence of river Eupharates and Tigris is —Baghdad
46. Chena cultivation is found in —Sri Lanka
47. The most important breed of wool producing sheep in the world is —Merino
48. The mean thickness of oceanic crust and continental crust is around —5 km and 30 km respectively 
49. As per the 2001 census the state which registered lowest sex ratio (female per thousand males) is —Haryana
50. The major industrial regions of India are —Mumbai-Pune region, Hugli region, Bangalore-Chennai region, Gujarat region, Chhotanagpur region, Vishakhapatnam-Guntur region, Gurgaon-Delhi Meerut region and Kollam-Thiruvananthpuram region 

Science and Technology
51. Urea is a —Nitrogenous fertiliser
52. C. Funk’s name has been associated with the research of —Vitamins
53. Nail polish remover contains —Acetone
54. The sun is visible to us a few minutes before the actual sunrise because of —Refraction of Light
55. Solder is an alloy of —Tin and Lead
56. Who is known as father of Indian Ecology ? —R. Mishra
57. The minimum distance between the Sun and the Earth occurs on —January 3
58. Dry Ice is —Solid Carbon Dioxide
59. In the Year 2008, the organisation which conducted a complex scientific experiment in which sub-atomic particles were accelerated to nearly the speed of light was —European Organisation for Nuclear Research
60. Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Awards are given for outstanding contribution in the field of —Science

Agriculture
61. Aus, Aman and boro are the crops of —Rice (Sown in West Bengal)
62. India ranks second in rice production after China contributing —22% rice in the World
63. In India, irrigation covers —33% of the cultivated area 
64. At present, which state of India ranks first in the production of total coarse cereals ? —Rajasthan
65. Karewas are the thick deposits of glacial clay in Kashmir (Himalayas) useful for the cultivation of —Zafran (a local variety of saffron)
66. Which of the India states is also known as the Molassis basin ? —Mizoram
67. Thum, Podu, Dabi, Koman, Bringa Kumari, Watra, Penda, Bewar, Dahia and Deppa are the names of —Shifting cultivation in India
68. Mahogany, Ebony and Greenheart forests are found in —Equatorial Region of the World
69. The product launched by most of the banks to help farmers in getting instant credit for various agricultural purpose is —Kisan Credit Card
70. The main constituent of biogas is —Methane

Sports and Games
71. Who was the first Indian to win an individual medal in Olympics—K.D.Jadhav
72. The Indian boy who scripted history by winning the Boy’s Singles Title of the 2009 Australian Open Tennis Championship is —Yuki Bhambri
73. Geet Sethi is associated with —Billiards
74. Duleep Trophy is associated with —Cricket
75. The 2014 World Snooker Champion in male section was —Mark Selby
76. The governing body of World Chess is —FIDE (World Chess Federation)
77. Who was chosen FIFA World Footballer of the Year 2014 ? —Nadine Angerer
78. Which cricketer died on the field in Bangladesh while playing for Abahani Club— Raman Lamba
79. MCC-Murugappa Gold Cup is associated with —Hockey
80. N. K. P. Salve Trophy and Irani Trophy are associated with —Cricket

Miscellany
81. The author of the book ‘The Audacity of Hope’ is —Barack Obama
82. Public Accounts Committee of the Parliament which was first set-up in the year 1921 under the provisions of the Government of India Act 1919 presently consists of —22 members (15 from the Lok Sabha and 7 from the Rajya Sabha)
83. A market where old and used goods are sold is called a —Flea Market
84. The father of Civil Services in India is —Lord Cornwallis
85. Which country has been declared the host of the 2014 FIFA World Cup ? —Argentina
86. The instrument used for measuring blood pressure is known as —Sphygmomanometer
87. The Sixth Pay Commission was headed by —Justice B. N. Krishna
88. By which Amendment to the Constitution of India was the voting age lowered down from 21 year to 18 year ? —61st Amendment (Constitution of India) Act 1989
89. The group of states having the forest cover of more than 75% to the total geographical area of their respective lands is —Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland
90. Indira Gandhi Canal draws its water from —Sutlej and Beas
91. The Magyars are the people of —Hungary
92. The most significant ecological determinant of population distribution in the world is —Land Fertility
93. The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is based on the Objective Resolution drafted and moved by —Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru
94. There are four devices of direct democracy namely —Referendum, Initiative, Recall and Plebiscite
95. In Africa Tropic of Cancer passes through —Algeria, Niger, Libya, Western Sahara, Mauritania and Mali 
96. Which continent is the third largest in terms of population of the world ? —Europe
97. Among the defects of eye, the shortsightedness is called —Myopia
98. Which of the wavelengths of light is most effective in photosynthesis ? —Blue
99. Central Institute of Post Harvest Engineering and Technology is located at —Ludhiana
100. The writ issued by a higher court to a lower court or tribunal to prevent the latter from exceeding its jurisdiction or usurping a jurisdiction that it does not possess is — Prohibition
 

HISTORY OF AMARAVATHI


Saturday, March 28, 2015

General Science Practice Questions

1. Which of the following vitamins is helpful for coagulation of blood  ?
(A) C (B) D (C) E (D) K
Ans : (D)

2. For purifying drinking water, alum is used–
(A) for coagulation of mud particles (B) to kill bacteria
(C) to remove salts (D) to remove gases
Ans : (A)

3. A weather balloon is not fully inflated on the ground because– 
(A) if the balloon is fully inflated, it may not remain stable in a storm
(B) the air inside the balloon expands as it rises and may burst
(C) it cannot withstand the outside pressure if fully inflated
(D) None of these
Ans : (B)

4. Vitamin B12 is most useful for combating–
(A) anaemia (B) goitre
(C) night blindness (D) rickets
Ans : (A)

5. A transistor is most likely to be found in a–
(A) fuse (B) fluorescent lamp
(C) hearing aid (D) wrist watch
Ans : (C)

6. A person born with the inner ear missing–
(A) would not have the Eustachian tube
(B) would never be able to hear sound 
(C) would be able to hear only with an electronic hearing aid 
(D) could only hear a loud explosion
Ans : (B)
    
7. The possibility of hereditary variation is greatest when– 
(A) self-fertilisation occurs, as in some plants
(B) an abundant amount of food is provided for the egg
(C) organisms reproduce sexually
(D) organisms reproduce asexually
Ans : (C)

8. Steel is more elastic then rubber because– 
(A) its density is high (B) it is a metal
(C) ratio of stress to strain is more (D) ratio of stress to strain is less 
Ans : (C)

9. The chief purpose if crop rotation is to check the loss of topsoil–
(A) by water erosion (B) by wind erosion
(C) by weathering (D) pf its mineral content
Ans : (D)

10. Which of the following acts as a resistance against disease in the body ?
(A) Carbohydrates (B) Red corpuscles
(C) Vitamins (D) White corpuscles
Ans : (D)

11. What is function of a dynamo ?
(A) To convert heat energy into light energy
(B) To convert light energy into heat energy
(C) To convert mechanical energy into electrical energy 
(D) To convert electrical energy into mechanical energy
Ans : (C)

12. The chief constituent of Gobar Gas is–
(A) ethane (B) methane
(C) hydrogen (D) carbon dioxide
Ans : (B)

13. Who is credited with the development of polio vaccine ?
(A) Linus Pauling
(B) Jonas Salk
(C) Melvin Calvin
(D) Selman Waksman
Ans : (B)

14. Which one of the following statements regarding sound is true ?
(A) It travels at its greatest speed in vacuum.
(B) It produces transverse vibrations in the medium in which it travels.
(C) Its source is always a vibrating material.
(D) It cannot travel through liquids.
Ans : (C)

15. The clear sky looks blue because of–
(A) reflection of light (B) refraction of light
(C) diffraction of light (D) dispersion of light
Ans : (D)

16. Which of the following in the human body is popularly called the ‘Adam’s Apple’?
(A) Adrenal (B) Liver
(C) Thyroid (D) Thymus
Ans : (C)

17. Which one of the following substances is obtained by the fractionation of human blood ?
(A) Antivenom serum (B) Gamma globulin
(C) Polio vaccine (D) Diphtheria antitoxin
Ans : (B)

18. Of the blood groups A, B, AB and O, which one is transfused into a person whose blood group is A ?
(A)  Group A only (B)  Group B only
(C)  Group A and O (D)  Group AB only
Ans : (C)

19. The three abundant elements in the earth’s crust are aluminium, oxygen and silicon. The correct order of their abundance is– 
(A) oxygen, aluminium, silicon (B) aluminium, silicon, oxygen
(C) oxygen, silicon, aluminium (D) silicon, oxygen, aluminium
Ans : (D)

20. Penicillin is widely used as–
(A) an antiseptic (B) a disinfectant
(C) an antibiotic (D) an insecticide
Ans : (C)
 

General Science Practice Questions

1. An eye defect which usually results from an unequal curvature of the cornea is–
(A) nearsightedness (B) astigmatism
(C) colour blindness (D) night blindness
Ans : (B)

2. The velocity of sound in air (under normal conditions) is–
(A) 30 m / sec (B) 320 m / sec
(C) 332 m / sec (D) 3,320 m / sec
Ans : (C)

3. A photo-electric cell converts–
(A) sound energy into electrical energy (B) light energy into electrical energy
(C) an electrical signal into sound waves (D) electrical energy into light energy
Ans : (B)

4. Which of the following sounds cannot be heard by human ear?
(A) 300 vibrations / sec (B) 1,000 vibrations / sec
(C) 10,000 vibrations / sec (D) 30,000 vibrations / sec
Ans : (D)

5. Exposure to sunlight helps a person improve his health because–
(A) the infra-red light kills bacteria in the body     
(B) resistance power increases
(C) the pigment cells in the skin get stimulated and produce a healthy tan
(D) the ultraviolet rays convert skin oil into Vitamin D
Ans : (D)

6. Small amounts of iodine are necessary in our diet to– 
(A) prevent pellagra
(B) compensate for underactivity of the thyroid gland
(C) stimulate clotting of blood
(D) stimulate pituitary gland
Ans : (B)

7. On a sudden cardiac arrest, which of the following is advised as a first step to revive the functioning of human heart ?
(A) Mouth to mouth resuscitation (B) Giving external cardiac massage
(C) Sprinkling water on the face (D) Giving cool water to drink
Ans : (A)

8. A triode differs from a diode in the way that– 
(A) it can amplify a signal (B) it has vacuum inside
(C) it has a heated cathode (D) its current is caused by the photoelectric effect
Ans : (A)

9. Radioactive substances can be produces readily in–
(A) an electron gun (B) an atomic pile
(C) a transistor (D) a Wilson cloud chamber
Ans : (B)

10. The method of estimating the age of the crust of the earth, which is now believed to be the most accurate, makes use of the rate of–
(A) accumulation of sedimentary beds  (B) accumulation of salt in the ocean
(C) atomic disintegration (radio-activity) (D) loss of heat by the earth
Ans : (C)

11. When a given amount of air is cooled–
(A) the amount of moisture it can hold decreases (B) its absolute humidity decreases 
(C) its relative humidity remains constant  (D) its absolute humidity increases
Ans : (A)

12. With the present-day advancement in medical techniques, transplants are possible in all of the following except–
(A) artery (B) bone
(C) cornea (D) kidney
Ans : (B)

13. The reaction which converts sugar solution into alcohol is a example of–
(A) saponification (B) hydrogenation
(C) fermentation (D) hydrolysis
Ans : (C)

14. The Rh factor refers to– 
(A) a protein substance found in the blood of some people
(B) a hormone carried by the blood
(C) the ratio of red corpuscles to white corpuscles in the blood
(D) a process that speeds up the clotting of blood
Ans : (A)

15. The greatest value of bees to mankind is in–
(A) supplying of food for birds
(B) insuring pollination of certain crop plants
(C) storing honey for man’s use
(D) furnishing beeswax needed in certain specialised industries 
Ans : (B)

16. All of the following are examples of chemical changes except the–
(A) magnetising of iron (B) rusting of iron
(C) digestion of food (D) souring of milk
Ans : (A)

17. Cancer is a disease which–
(A) cannot be spread by those who have it
(B) is found only in human beings
(C) develops only in certain organs of the body
(D) is passed from generation to generation
Ans : (A)

18. The moon has no atmosphere because–
(A) no atmosphere has ever formed there 
(B) the rocky surface completely absorbed the gases 
(C) due to the low temperature, gases have condensed
(D) its gravitational pull is not strong enough to hold an atmosphere 
 Ans : (D)

19. When a moving bus stops suddenly, the passengers are pushed forward because of the–
(A) friction between the earth and the bus
(B) friction between the passengers and the earth 
(C) inertia of the passengers
(D) inertia of the bus
Ans : (C)

20. Which of the following is not an attribute of bacterium ?
(A) Ability to arise from non-living matter (B) Growth
(C) Reproduction (D) Respiration
Ans : (A)